Hepatitis Monthly

Published by: Kowsar

Anesthesia for Patients With Liver Disease

Poupak Rahimzadeh 1 , Saeid Safari 1 , 2 , Seyed Hamid Reza Faiz 1 and Seyed Moayed Alavian 2 , 3 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Rasoul Akram Medical Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Middle East Liver Disease Center (MELD), Tehran, IR Iran
3 Baqiyatallah Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Hepatitis Monthly: July 01, 2014, 14 (7); e19881
  • Published Online: July 1, 2014
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: April 30, 2014
  • Accepted: May 1, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/hepatmon.19881

To Cite: Rahimzadeh P, Safari S, Faiz S H R, Alavian S M. Anesthesia for Patients With Liver Disease, Hepat Mon. 2014 ;14(7):e19881. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.19881.

Abstract
Copyright © 2014, Kowsar Corp. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Context
2. Evidence Acquisition
3. Results
4. Conclusions
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Jones AL. Hepatology: a textbook of liver disease. 1996;
  • 2. Mushlin PS, Gelman S. Clinical Anesthesia. 2011; : 1067
  • 3. Dhainaut JF, Marin N, Mignon A, Vinsonneau C. Hepatic response to sepsis: interaction between coagulation and inflammatory processes. Crit Care Med. 2001; 29(7 Suppl)-7[PubMed]
  • 4. Folch-Puy E. Importance of the liver in systemic complications associated with acute pancreatitis: the role of Kupffer cells. J Pathol. 2007; 211(4): 383-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Fong YM, Marano MA, Moldawer LL, Wei H, Calvano SE, Kenney JS, et al. The acute splanchnic and peripheral tissue metabolic response to endotoxin in humans. J Clin Invest. 1990; 85(6): 1896-904[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Moller S, Henriksen JH. Cardiovascular complications of cirrhosis. Gut. 2008; 57(2): 268-78[DOI]
  • 7. Schuppan D, Afdhal NH. Liver cirrhosis. Lancet . 2008; 371: 838-51[DOI]
  • 8. Rutkauskas S, Gedrimas V, Pundzius J, Barauskas G, Basevicius A. Clinical and anatomical basis for the classification of the structural parts of liver. Medicina (Kaunas). 2006; 42(2): 98-106[PubMed]
  • 9. Richardson PD, Withrington PG. Liver blood flow. I. Intrinsic and nervous control of liver blood flow. Gastroenterology. 1981; 81(1): 159-73[PubMed]
  • 10. Lautt WW. The 1995 Ciba-Geigy Award Lecture. Intrinsic regulation of hepatic blood flow. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1996; 74(3): 223-33[PubMed]
  • 11. D'Albuquerque LA, de Miranda MP, Genzini T, Copstein JL, de Oliveira e Silva A. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in cirrhotic patients. Surg Laparosc Endosc. 1995; 5(4): 272-6[PubMed]
  • 12. Gholson CF, Provenza JM, Bacon BR. Hepatologic considerations in patients with parenchymal liver disease undergoing surgery. Am J Gastroenterol. 1990; 85(5): 487-96[PubMed]
  • 13. Wiklund RA. Preoperative preparation of patients with advanced liver disease. Crit Care Med. 2004; 32(4 Suppl)-15[PubMed]
  • 14. Rizvon MK, Chou CL. Surgery in the patient with liver disease. Med Clin North Am. 2003; 87(1): 211-27[DOI]
  • 15. Martinez E, Boyer T. Hepatology:. 2003; : 833-8
  • 16. Mallett S. Oxford Textbook of Clinical Hepatology.. 1999; : 2009-22
  • 17. Majno P, Azoulay D, Bismuth H. Oxford Textbook of Clinical Hepatology.. 1999; : 1997-2008
  • 18. Stoelting R, Dierdorf S. Anesthesia and Co-Existing Disease.. 2002; : 299-324
  • 19. Aranha GV, Greenlee HB. Intra-abdominal surgery in patients with advanced cirrhosis. Arch Surg. 1986; 121(3): 275-7[PubMed]
  • 20. Ziser A, Plevak DJ, Wiesner RH, Rakela J, Offord KP, Brown DL. Morbidity and Mortality in Cirrhotic Patients Undergoing Anesthesia and Surgery. Anesthesiol. 1999; 90(1): 42-53[DOI]
  • 21. Patel T. Surgery in the patient with liver disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 1999; 74(6): 593-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Friedman LS. The risk of surgery in patients with liver disease. Hepatology. 1999; 29(6): 1617-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Pratt DS, Kaplan MM. Evaluation of abnormal liver-enzyme results in asymptomatic patients. N Engl J Med. 2000; 342(17): 1266-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Kamath PS. Clinical approach to the patient with abnormal liver test results. Mayo Clin Proc. 1996; 71(11): 1089-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Rivera MR, Squires RH, Davies PJ. A Practice of Anesthesia for Infants and Children. 2009; : 595
  • 26. Lentschener C, Ozier Y. Anaesthesia for elective liver resection: some points should be revisited. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2002; 19(11): 780-8[PubMed]
  • 27. Behrns KE, Tsiotos GG, DeSouza NF, Krishna MK, Ludwig J, Nagorney DM. Hepatic steatosis as a potential risk factor for major hepatic resection. J Gastrointest Surg. 1998; 2(3): 292-8[PubMed]
  • 28. Carneiro JJ, Donald DE. Change in liver blood flow and blood content in dogs during direct and reflex alteration of hepatic sympathetic nerve activity. Circ Res. 1977; 40(2): 150-8[PubMed]
  • 29. Amiri HR, Safari S, Makarem J, Rahimi M, Jahanshahi B. Comparison of combined femoral nerve block and spinal anesthesia with lumbar plexus block for postoperative analgesia in intertrochanteric fracture surgery. Anesth Pain Med. 2012; 2(1): 32-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Faiz SH, Mohseni M. The potential role of regional anesthesia in perioperative anti-inflammatory treatments. Anesth Pain Med. 2012; 2(1): 1-2[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Motavaf M, Safari S, Alavian SM. Understanding of molecular pain medicine: genetic basis of variation in pain sensation and analgesia response. Anesth Pain Med. 2013; 2(3): 104-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Wu CL, Hurley RW, Anderson GF, Herbert R, Rowlingson AJ, Fleisher LA. Effect of postoperative epidural analgesia on morbidity and mortality following surgery in medicare patients. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2004; 29(6): 525-33[PubMed]
  • 33. Tziavrangos E, Schug SA. Regional anaesthesia and perioperative outcome. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2006; 19(5): 521-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Rodgers A, Walker N, Schug S, McKee A, Kehlet H, van Zundert A, et al. Reduction of postoperative mortality and morbidity with epidural or spinal anaesthesia: results from overview of randomised trials. BMJ. 2000; 321(7275): 1493[PubMed]
  • 35. Kehlet H. Manipulation of the metabolic response in clinical practice. World J Surg. 2000; 24(6): 690-5[PubMed]
  • 36. Hajiesmaeili MR, Safari S. Pain Management in Intensive Care Unit: Do We Need Special Protocols? . Anesth Pain Med. 2012; 1(4): 2[DOI]
  • 37. Hajiesmaeili MR, Motavaf M, Safari S. Regional Analgesia in Intensive Care Unit. Anesth Pain Med. 2013; 3(2): 3[DOI]
  • 38. Movasseghi G, Hassani V, Mohaghegh MR, Safaeian R, Safari S, Zamani MM, et al. Comparison Between Spinal and General Anesthesia in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. Anesth Pain Med. 2014; 3(3)[DOI]
  • 39. Sanchez O, Viladrich M, Ramirez I, Soley M. Liver injury after an aggressive encounter in male mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007; 293(5)-16[DOI][PubMed]
  • 40. Schemmer P, Enomoto N, Bradford BU, Bunzendahl H, Raleigh JA, Thurman RG. Autonomic nervous system and gut-derived endotoxin: involvement in activation of Kupffer cells after in situ organ manipulation. World J Surg. 2001; 25(4): 399-406[DOI][PubMed]
  • 41. Schemmer P, Schoonhoven R, Swenberg JA, Bunzendahl H, Thurman RG. Gentle in situ liver manipulation during organ harvest decreases survival after rat liver transplantation: role of Kupffer cells. Transplantation. 1998; 65(8): 1015-20[PubMed]
  • 42. Zhou M, Yang S, Koo DJ, Ornan DA, Chaudry IH, Wang P. The role of Kupffer cell alpha(2)-adrenoceptors in norepinephrine-induced TNF-alpha production. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001; 1537(1): 49-57[PubMed]
  • 43. Yang S, Zhou M, Chaudry IH, Wang P. Norepinephrine-induced hepatocellular dysfunction in early sepsis is mediated by activation of alpha2-adrenoceptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2001; 281(4)-21[PubMed]
  • 44. Oben JA, Roskams T, Yang S, Lin H, Sinelli N, Li Z, et al. Sympathetic nervous system inhibition increases hepatic progenitors and reduces liver injury. Hepatology. 2003; 38(3): 664-73[DOI][PubMed]
  • 45. Freise H, Anthonsen S, Fischer LG, Van Aken HK, Sielenkamper AW. Continuous thoracic epidural anesthesia induces segmental sympathetic block in the awake rat. Anesth Analg. 2005; 100(1): 255-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 46. Brodner G, Van Aken H, Hertle L, Fobker M, Von Eckardstein A, Goeters C, et al. Multimodal perioperative management--combining thoracic epidural analgesia, forced mobilization, and oral nutrition--reduces hormonal and metabolic stress and improves convalescence after major urologic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92(6): 1594-600[PubMed]
  • 47. Freise H, Lauer S, Anthonsen S, Hlouschek V, Minin E, Fischer LG, et al. Thoracic epidural analgesia augments ileal mucosal capillary perfusion and improves survival in severe acute pancreatitis in rats. Anesthesiology. 2006; 105(2): 354-9[PubMed]
  • 48. Daudel F, Freise H, Westphal M, Stubbe HD, Lauer S, Bone HG, et al. Continuous thoracic epidural anesthesia improves gut mucosal microcirculation in rats with sepsis. Shock. 2007; 28(5): 610-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 49. Adolphs J, Schmidt DK, Korsukewitz I, Kamin B, Habazettl H, Schafer M, et al. Effects of thoracic epidural anaesthesia on intestinal microvascular perfusion in a rodent model of normotensive endotoxaemia. Intensive Care Med. 2004; 30(11): 2094-101[DOI][PubMed]
  • 50. Vagts DA, Iber T, Puccini M, Szabo B, Haberstroh J, Villinger F, et al. The effects of thoracic epidural anesthesia on hepatic perfusion and oxygenation in healthy pigs during general anesthesia and surgical stress. Anesth Analg. 2003; 97(6): 1824-32[PubMed]
  • 51. Freise H, Lauer S, Konietzny E, Hinkelmann J, Minin E, Van Aken HK, et al. Hepatic effects of thoracic epidural analgesia in experimental severe acute pancreatitis. Anesthesiology. 2009; 111(6): 1249-56[DOI][PubMed]
  • 52. Ishikawa M, Yamataka A, Kawamoto S, Balderson GA, Lynch SV. Hemodynamic changes in blood flow through the denervated liver in pigs. J Invest Surg. 1995; 8(1): 95-100[PubMed]
  • 53. Kurosawa M, Unno T, Aikawa Y, Yoneda M. Neural regulation of hepatic blood flow in rats: an in vivo study. Neurosci Lett. 2002; 321(3): 145-8[PubMed]
  • 54. Chida Y, Sudo N, Kubo C. Psychological stress impairs hepatic blood flow via central CRF receptors in mice. Life Sci. 2005; 76(15): 1707-12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 55. Yu HJ, Lin BR, Lee HS, Shun CT, Yang CC, Lai TY, et al. Sympathetic vesicovascular reflex induced by acute urinary retention evokes proinflammatory and proapoptotic injury in rat liver. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2005; 288(5)-14[DOI][PubMed]
  • 56. Golling M, Jahnke C, Fonouni H, Ahmadi R, Urbaschek R, Breitkreutz R, et al. Distinct effects of surgical denervation on hepatic perfusion, bowel ischemia, and oxidative stress in brain dead and living donor porcine models. Liver Transpl. 2007; 13(4): 607-17[DOI][PubMed]
  • 57. Gelman S. General anesthesia and hepatic circulation. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1987; 65(8): 1762-79[DOI]
  • 58. Gelman S, Dillard E, Bradley EL, Jr. Hepatic circulation during surgical stress and anesthesia with halothane, isoflurane, or fentanyl. Anesth Analg. 1987; 66(10): 936-43[PubMed]
  • 59. Nagano K, Gelman S, Parks DA, Bradley EL, Jr. Hepatic oxygen supply-uptake relationship and metabolism during anesthesia in miniature pigs. Anesthesiology. 1990; 72(5): 902-10[PubMed]
  • 60. Habibollahi P, Mahboobi N, Esmaeili S, Safari S, Dabbagh A, Alavian SM. Halothane-induced hepatitis: A forgotten issue in developing countries. Hepat Mon. 2011; 11(1): 3
  • 61. Mahboobi N, Esmaili S, Safari S, Habibollahi P, Dabbagh A, Alavian SM. Halothane: How should it be treated in a developing country? EMHJ. 2011;
  • 62. Mohseni M, Safari S, Alavian SM. Volatile Anesthetics in Ischemic Liver Injury: Enemy or Friend? Hepat Mon. 2014; 14(6)
  • 63. Armbruster K, Noldge-Schomburg GF, Dressler IM, Fittkau AJ, Haberstroh J, Geiger K. The effects of desflurane on splanchnic hemodynamics and oxygenation in the anesthetized pig. Anesth Analg. 1997; 84(2): 271-7[PubMed]
  • 64. Yu B, Matsumoto N. Effects of sevoflurane and halothane anesthesia on liver circulation and oxygen metabolism in the dog during hepatolobectomy. J Anesth. 1997; 11(3): 213-8[DOI]
  • 65. Nishiyama T, Yokoyama T, Hanaoka K. Liver function after sevoflurane or isoflurane anaesthesia in neurosurgical patients. Can J Anaesth. 1998; 45(8): 753-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 66. Lorsomradee S, Cromheecke S, Lorsomradee S, De Hert SG. Effects of sevoflurane on biomechanical markers of hepatic and renal dysfunction after coronary artery surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2006; 20(5): 684-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 67. O’Connor CJ, Rothenberg DM, Tuman KJ. Miller's Anesthesia. 2005; : 2209-29
  • 68. Hoetzel A, Ryan H, Schmidt R. Anesthetic considerations for the patient with liver disease. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2012; 25(3): 340-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 69. Kiamanesh D, Rumley J, Moitra VK. Monitoring and managing hepatic disease in anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 2013; 111 Suppl 1-61[DOI][PubMed]
  • 70. Pandey CK, Karna ST, Pandey VK, Tandon M, Singhal A, Mangla V. Perioperative risk factors in patients with liver disease undergoing non-hepatic surgery. World J Gastrointest Surg. 2012; 4(12): 267-74[DOI][PubMed]
  • 71. Simon Gelman. Anesthesia for patients with liver disease. CONF MAGISTRALES. 2008; 31(1)-7
  • 72. Keegan MT, Plevak DJ. Preoperative assessment of the patient with liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005; 100(9): 2116-27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 73. Jacob R. Anaesthesia for biliary atresia and hepatectomy in paediatrics. Indian J Anaesth. 2012; 56(5): 479-84[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments