Rural Residency has a Protective Effect and Marriage is a Risk Factor for NAFLD

Authors Information
Article Notes and Dates
To Cite : Motamed N, Maadi M, Sohrabi M, Keyvani H, Poustchi H, et al. Rural Residency has a Protective Effect and Marriage is a Risk Factor for NAFLD, Hepat Mon. 2016 ;16(7):e38357. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.38357.
Copyright: Copyright © 2016, Hepatitis Monthly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited..
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Vernon G, Baranova A, Younossi ZM. Systematic review: the epidemiology and natural history of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in adults. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011; 34(3): 274-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Clark JM, Diehl AM. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: an underrecognized cause of cryptogenic cirrhosis. JAMA. 2003; 289(22): 3000-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Farrell GC, Wong VW, Chitturi S. NAFLD in Asia--as common and important as in the West. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013; 10(5): 307-18[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Review T, LaBrecque DR, Abbas Z, Anania F, Ferenci P, Khan AG, et al. World Gastroenterology Organisation global guidelines: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2014; 48(6): 467-73[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Otgonsuren M, Stepanova M, Gerber L, Younossi ZM. Anthropometric and clinical factors associated with mortality in subjects with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2013; 58(4): 1132-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Speliotes EK, Massaro JM, Hoffmann U, Vasan RS, Meigs JB, Sahani DV, et al. Fatty liver is associated with dyslipidemia and dysglycemia independent of visceral fat: the Framingham Heart Study. Hepatology. 2010; 51(6): 1979-87[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Pagano G, Pacini G, Musso G, Gambino R, Mecca F, Depetris N, et al. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome: further evidence for an etiologic association. Hepatology. 2002; 35(2): 367-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Zamani F, Sohrabi M, Alipour A, Motamed N, Saeedian FS, Pirzad R, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of cholelithiasis in Amol city, northern Iran: a population based study. Arch Iran Med. 2014; 17(11): 750-4[PubMed]
  • 9. Festi D, Schiumerini R, Marzi L, Di Biase AR, Mandolesi D, Montrone L, et al. Review article: the diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease -- availability and accuracy of non-invasive methods. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013; 37(4): 392-400[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Alberti KG, Eckel RH, Grundy SM, Zimmet PZ, Cleeman JI, Donato KA, et al. Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity. Circulation. 2009; 120(16): 1640-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Zhou YJ, Li YY, Nie YQ, Ma JX, Lu LG, Shi SL, et al. Prevalence of fatty liver disease and its risk factors in the population of South China. World J Gastroenterol. 2007; 13(47): 6419-24[PubMed]
  • 12. Zhang X, Wan Y, Zhang S, Lu L, Chen Z, Liu H, et al. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease prevalence in urban school-aged children and adolescents from the Yangtze River delta region: a cross-sectional study. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2015; 24(2): 281-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Mohammadi MR, Davidian H, Noorbala AA, Malekafzali H, Naghavi HR, Pouretemad HR, et al. An epidemiological survey of psychiatric disorders in Iran. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health. 2005; 1: 16[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Youssef NA, Abdelmalek MF, Binks M, Guy CD, Omenetti A, Smith AD, et al. Associations of depression, anxiety and antidepressants with histological severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Liver Int. 2013; 33(7): 1062-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Eliades M, Spyrou E. Vitamin D: a new player in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease? World J Gastroenterol. 2015; 21(6): 1718-27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Maddah M, Sharami SH, Neyestani TR. Vitamin D insufficiency among postmenopausal women in urban and rural areas in Guilan, Northern Iran. J Nutr Elder. 2009; 28(4): 386-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Jaffe DH, Manor O, Eisenbach Z, Neumark YD. The protective effect of marriage on mortality in a dynamic society. Ann Epidemiol. 2007; 17(7): 540-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. van den Berg GJ, Gupta S. The role of marriage in the causal pathway from economic conditions early in life to mortality. J Health Econ. 2015; 40: 141-58[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Zheng H, Thomas PA. Marital status, self-rated health, and mortality: overestimation of health or diminishing protection of marriage? J Health Soc Behav. 2013; 54(1): 128-43[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Fu R, Noguchi H. Does Marriage Make Us Healthier? Inter-Country Comparative Evidence from China, Japan, and Korea. PLoS One. 2016; 11(2)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Chung W, Kim R. Does marriage really matter to health? Intra- and inter-country evidence from China, Japan, Taiwan, and the Republic of Korea. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8)[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiaion Alert via Google Reader

Cited By:

Hepatitis Monthly accepts terms & conditions of:

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Citedby Linking DOI enabled Crossref iThenticate COPE Cross Check