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Induced HBs antigenemia in healthy adults after immunization with two different hepatitis B recombinant vaccines

AUTHORS

Masoud Ziaee 1 , Alireza Saadatjoo 2 , Malihe Mohamadpour 2 , Mohammad Hasan Namaei 3 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Infectious Disease Ward, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Khorasan-e-Jonoubi, IRIran

2 Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Khorasan-e-Jonoubi, IR Iran

3 Birjand University of Medical Sciences, mhnamaei@hotmail.com, Khorasan-e-Jonoubi, IR Iran

How to Cite: Ziaee M, Saadatjoo A, Mohamadpour M, Namaei M. Induced HBs antigenemia in healthy adults after immunization with two different hepatitis B recombinant vaccines, Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 10(4):298-301.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 10 (4); 298-301
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 2, 2010
Accepted: September 10, 2010

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Currently, vaccination is the most effective protective tool against hepatitis B virus infection. Some studies have shown that positive results for a hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) test may be seen after vaccination. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of positive HBsAg results after vaccination with two different hepatitis B recombinant vaccines.
Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 62 healthy adult volunteers were randomly assigned to receive either the Engerix-B or the Hepavax-Gene hepatitis B recombinant vaccine. Blood samples were drawn 1, 3, and 5 days after vaccination and were tested for HBsAg using two different ELISA kits (Behring and Mega).
Results: HBsAg was positive in 5, 3, and 2 participants of the Engerix-B group in the 1st, 3rd, and 5th days after vaccination, respectively, using the Behring ELISA kit; the test was positive in only one subject in the Hepavax-Gene group, on the 5th day after vaccination. No positive result was seen in any groups when the Mega ELISA kit was used to test the specimens.
Conclusions: Our results showed transient HBsAg antigenemia after vaccination against hepatitis B. This condition depends on the type of vaccine and the HBsAg diagnostic test.

Keywords

Hepatitis B vaccine Hepatitis B Surface Antigens

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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