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Hepatitis B Prevalence and Risk Factors in Blood Donors in Ghazvin, IR.Iran

AUTHORS

Tahereh Vahid 1 , Seyed Moayed Alavian 2 , * , Ali Kabir 3 , Jafar Kafaee 1 , Babak Yektaparast 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Ghazvin Blood Transfusion Organization, Qazvin, IR.Iran

2 Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, alavian@thc.ir, Tehran, IR.Iran

3 Tehran Hepatitis Center, Tehran, IR.Iran

How to Cite: Vahid T, Alavian S, Kabir A, Kafaee J, Yektaparast B. Hepatitis B Prevalence and Risk Factors in Blood Donors in Ghazvin, IR.Iran, Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 5(4):117-122.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 5 (4); 117-122
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Background and Aims: This study was done to find out the common routes of transmission of hepatitis B.

Methods: We assessed 39598 volunteer blood donors for hepatitis B and C. Risk factors were obtained from 186 patients and 186 healthy donors. Independent risk factors were determined using logistic regression analysis.

Results: Prevalence of HBV was 1.08%. Female sex, education level lower than secondary school, being married, and age more than 35 years old, were risk factors in univariate analysis. Logistic regression showed that only duration of marriage, close contact with an HBV infected person, extramarital sexual contact, history of sexually transmitted diseases and high risk jobs were independent risk factors for prediction of hepatitis B infection. Risk factors which were addressed in this study covered 95.7% of the patients.

Conclusions: Ghazvin is one of the low prevalent regions for hepatitis B in Iran. Prevalence of hepatitis B is decreasing in comparison with past decades. Horizontal mode is more important than vertical transmission in this region of Iran. Screening programs, education and vaccination, specifically in high risk groups are essential for prevention of new cases.

Keywords

HBV, Prevalence, Risk factor, STD

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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