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A study of genotypes, mutants and nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B virus in Pakistan

AUTHORS

Khalid Mumtaz 1 , * , Saeed Hamid 2 , Shahid Ahmed 2 , Tariq Moatter 2 , Shamim Mushtaq 2 , Anis Khan 3 , Masashi Mizokami 3 , Wasim Jafri 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Departments of Medicine and Pathology, Aga Khan University, khalid.mumtaz@aku.edu, Pakistan

2 Departments of Medicine and Pathology, Aga Khan University, Pakistan

3 Department of Clinical Molecular Informative Medicine, Japan

How to Cite: Mumtaz K, Hamid S, Ahmed S, Moatter T, Mushtaq S, et al. A study of genotypes, mutants and nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B virus in Pakistan, Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 11(1):14-18.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 11 (1); 14-18
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 27, 2010
Accepted: September 7, 2010

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Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes and mutations are gaining importance in determining the clinical course of chronic liver disease.
Objectives: To determine and compare the distribution of HBV genotypes and genomic variations in Pakistan to other parts of the world.
Patients and Methods: We conducted a prospective study at Aga Khan University Hospital from December 2006 to December 2008. HBV genotype was determined in 257 HBV DNA-positive patients. Patients were divided into two groups according to HBeAg positivity. Mutations in the pre-core and core promoter regions of HBV were determined in HBeAg-negative patients by line probe INNOLIPA assay.
Results: The mean±SD age of patients was 28±5 years; there were 201 (78%) men. HBeAg was positive in 219 (85%) patients and negative in 38 (15%). HBeAg-positive patients were younger than HBeAg-negative patients (95% vs 21% in ≤30 years, p<0.001). HBV genotype D found in 247 (96.2 %) patients followed by a combined infection with HBV genotype B+D in 9 (3.3%) and 1 (0.5%) with genotype A. The mutations identified in 38 HBeAg-negative patients were T1762/A1764 in 21 (55.2%), PC mutant in 7 (18.4%), T1762/A1764/PC mutant in 2 (5%) and T1762/A1764/PC wild mutation in 1 (2%); no mutation identified in 7 (18.4%). Phylogenetic analysis did not show any significant differences between HBV genotype D isolated from Pakistan and those isolated from other parts of the world.
Conclusions: HBV genotype D is predominant in Pakistan, irrespective of HBeAg status. PC and BCP mutations were found in significant numbers of patients infected with genotype D. The HBV genotype D isolates from Pakistan are identical to the sequences isolated from other parts of the world.

  • Implication for Health policy/practice/research/medical education:
    This study magnifies is an interesting article which describes the distribution of different genotypes and mutations of Hepatitis B virus among a normal population in Pakistan. Epidemiologists, basic sciences specialists like geneticians benefit from the results of this article.
  • Please cite this paper as:
    Mumtaz K, Hamid S, Ahmed S, Moatter T, Mushtaq S, Khan A, et al. A study of genotypes, mutants and nucleotide sequence of hepatitis B virus in Pakistan. Hepat Mon. 2011;11(1):14-18.

2011 Kowsar M.P.Co. All rights reserved.

Keywords

HBV Genotype Hepatitis B Epidemiology Mutants DNA Pakistan

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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