The Impact of Hepatitis C virus infection on kidney Transplantation outcomes: A systematic review of 18 observational studies
Hepatitis Monthly: 11 (4); 247-254 Article Type: Review Article
April 26, 2010
February 28, 2011
Y, et al. The Impact of Hepatitis C virus infection on kidney Transplantation outcomes: A systematic review of 18 observational studies,
Online ahead of Print
Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection occursin 0% to 51% of dialysis patients, and manyHCV-positive patients are urged to undergo kidney transplantation. However, the outcome of renal transplantation in HCV-positive recipients is unknown. Objectives: Our review aimed to address the outcomesof renal transplantation recipients (RTRs)following kidney transplantation. Materials and Methods: We selected studies that used the adjusted relative risk (aRR) and 95% CI of all-cause mortality and graft loss in HCV-positive compared with HCV-negative RTRs as study endpoints. Cox proportional hazard analysis was usedin all studies to calculate the independent effects of HCV infection on RTR outcomes. Sixteen retrospective cohort studies and 2 clinical trials were selected for our review. Sixteen studies were related to patient survival, and 12 examined graft survival. Results: The combined hazard ratio in HCV-infected recipients was 1.69-fold (1.33-1.97, p < 0.0001) and 1.56 times (1.22-2.004, p < 0.0001) greaterthan that of HCV-negative recipients for mortality and graft loss, respectively. Conclusions: Although HCV-infected RTRs have worseoutcomes than HCV-negative RTRs,kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment for patients with HCV infection and end-stage renal disease. Keywords: Hepatitis C infection; Kidney transplantation; Graft survival; Patient survival; Mortality; Natural history; Outcome assessment
Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:HCV infection may negatively interfere on final outcomes of kidney transplantation. We strongly recommend reading this interesting article to all general practitioners, surgeons, nephrologists and urologists.
Please cite this paper as: Rostami Z, Nourbala MH, Alavian SM, Bieraghdar F, Jahani Y, Einollahi B. The impact of hepatitis C virus infection on kidney transplantation outcome: A systematic review of 18 observational studies. Hepat Mon. 2011;11(4):247-54.
© 2011 Kowsar M.P.Co. All rights reserved.
Hepatitis C infection; Kidney transplantation; Graft survival; Patient survival; Mortality; Natural history; Outcome assessment
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