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Distribution and Risk Factors of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the General Population of Central Iran

AUTHORS

Mohammad Reza Ghadir 1 , * , Mohammad Reza Ghadir 1 , * , Mojtaba Belbasi 2 , Mojtaba Belbasi 2 , Akram Heidari 2 , Akram Heidari 3 , Mahboobeh Jandagh 2 , Mahboobeh Jandagh 4 , Iman Ahmadi 2 , Iman Ahmadi 4 , Hosseinali Habibinejad 3 , Hosseinali Habibinejad 5 , Alireza Kabiri 2 , Alireza Kabiri 2 , Amir Hossein Ghanooni 2 , Amir Hossein Ghanooni 4 , Abolfazl Iranikhah 2 , Abolfazl Iranikhah 6 , Seyed Moayed Alavian 3 , Seyed Moayed Alavian 7

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, IR Iran

2 Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization Research Center, Qom, IR Iran

3 Faculty of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, IR Iran

4 Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, IR Iran

5 Iran National Science Foundation, Tehran, IR Iran

6 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, IR Iran

7 Baqiyatallah Research Center for Gastroentrology and Liver Diseases, Tehran, IR Iran

Corresponding Authors:

How to Cite: Ghadir M, Ghadir M R, Belbasi M, Belbasi M, Heidari A, et al. Distribution and Risk Factors of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the General Population of Central Iran, Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 12(2):112-117. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.822.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 12 (2); 112-117
Published Online: January 31, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 9, 2011
Accepted: January 14, 2012
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Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B is the most common chronic viral infection in humans and the most common cause of death among viral hepatitis. As 70% to 80% of chronic hepatitis cases are caused by HBV in Iran, this virus alone is considered the most important cause of liver diseases and the major cause of mortality arising from viral hepatitis cases in Iran.

Objectives: We planned this study to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B in the general population of Qom, central Iran.

Patients and Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional study. A total of 3690 samples were collected from 7 rural clusters and 116 urban clusters. Ten teams, each consisting of 2 trained members, were assigned to conduct the sampling and fill the questionnaires. The data were analyzed using SPSS.

Results: The prevalence rate of hepatitis B infection in Qom Province was 1.3%. The mean age of the patients with hepatitis B was 44.17 years. The prevalence of hepatitis B was 1.6% in men and 1.1% in women. Moreover, the prevalence of hepatitis B correlated positively with age, tattooing, and literacy level.

Conclusions: The prevalence rate of hepatitis B in Qom is 1.3%. It is possible to prevent the disease by increasing public awareness. Further investigation on clinical presentations and a determination of the genotype of the virus are suggested.

Keywords

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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