IF: 1.578
Cite Score:
1.45
THOMSON REUTERS - SCOPUS

Prevalence and Risk Factors of HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and C Among Female Prisoners in Isfahan, Iran

AUTHORS

Zary Nokhodian 1 , Mohammad Reza Yazdani 1 , Majid Yaran 1 , Parisa Shoaei 1 , Mina Mirian 1 , Behrooz Ataei Infectious Diseases Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences 2 , Anahita Babak 1 , Mehdi Ataie 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Infectious Diseases Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, IR Iran

2 +98-3113359359, +98-3113373735

Warning: No corresponding author defined!

How to Cite: Nokhodian Z, Yazdani M, Yaran M, Shoaei P, Mirian M, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and C Among Female Prisoners in Isfahan, Iran, Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 12(7):442-447. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.6144.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 12 (7); 442-447
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 18, 2012
Accepted: May 28, 2012
Crossmark

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: Female prisoners are at risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There has been no previous study regarding the epidemiological status of STIs among female prisoners in Isfahan, central Iran.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of the aforementioned infections among women incarcerated in the central prison, Isfahan, to determine appropriate prevention measures.
Patients and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, all of the 163 women incarcerated in the central prison, Isfahan in 2009, were voluntarily enrolled by the census method. After completing a checklist consisting of demographic, social, and risk factors, a 5ml blood sample was taken from each individual. The sera were analyzed for markers of the hepatitis B virus (HBV; HBsAg, HBsAb, HBcAb), hepatitis C virus (HCV; HCV antibodies), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV; HIV antibodies), and syphilis (RPR). Confirmatory tests were performed on HCV antibody-positive cases.
Results: The mean age of the participants in the study was 34.54 ± 11.2 years old, 94.3% of these women were Iranian, and many of them had only a primary level of education. The prevalence of HBsAg, HBcAb, HBsAb, and HCV antibodies were; 1.2%, 7.4%, 12.9% and 7.4% respectively. No positive RPR or HIV antibodies were detected.
Conclusions: A significant relationship was seen between the HCV antibody, drug injection and illegal sex in the women, and also between HBc-Ab and drug injection. Regular screening, educational programs, and facilitation of access to suitable treatment care should be widely implemented in the prison population. Testing for immunity against HBV should be considered on admission, and afterwards vaccination of all prisoners and an appropriate preventative approach should be applied.


Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:
Female prisoners are at risk of acquiring Hepatitis B and C infections. Family physicians, health policy makers, authorized person in the health system of prisons are recommended to read this article. Moreover, this should be more considered for nGo’s which are active for improvement of health conditions in the public places like prisons.

Please cite this paper as:
nokhodian Z, Yazdani MR, Yaran M, Shoaei P, Mirian M, Ataei B, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and C Among Female Prisoners in Isfahan, Iran. Hepat Mon. 2012;12(7):442-7. DOI: 10.5812/hepatmon.6144

Copyright © 2012 Kowsar Corp. All rights reserved.


Keywords

HIV Hepatitis B Virus Hepatitis C Syphilis Prevalence Risk Factors

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Full Text

Full text is available in PDF

COMMENTS

LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: