Viral Hepatitis in Iranian Armed Forces: Prevalence of HBV and HCV in the Wounded-In-Action (WIA)

AUTHORS

Seyed Moayed Alavian 1 , * , Morteza Rajai 2 , Mahmood Saeedi Arab 2 , Siavash Gashtasebifar 2 , Valiollah Emadi 2 , Parviz Nejatbakhsh 2 , Reza Yousefi Arfaee 2 , Taher Doroudi 2

1 Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Military Medicine Research Center, [email protected], Tehran, IR.Iran

2 Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Military Medicine Research Center, Tehran, IR.Iran

How to Cite: Alavian S, Rajai M, Arab M, Gashtasebifar S, Emadi V, et al. Viral Hepatitis in Iranian Armed Forces: Prevalence of HBV and HCV in the Wounded-In-Action (WIA), Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 5(4):129-131.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 5 (4); 129-131
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Objective: Viral hepatitis remains a health threat to military forces. Most recently there has been concern about hepatitis C virus transmission during military service. Hepatitis B and C are the main causes of mortality and morbidity in military personnel.

Methods: In this study, all WIAs of two corps of Revolutionary Guards of IR. Iran were checked for hepatitis B and C and liver function tests (LFT). A questionnaire was filled out for all WIAs, in which risk factors were asked.

Results: In this study, 563 WIAs were enrolled. Mean age was 38.9±3.9. Mean rate of disability was 25.5%. HBsAg positive prevalence was 4.8% and anti-HCV was 0.7%. In anti-HCV positive group, 50% had elevated enzymes and in HBsAg positive WIAs, 30.4% had elevated enzymes. All of HCV positive WIAs had surgery as a risk factor (100%).

Conclusions: Based on the prevalence of anti-HCV positive, which shows a 5.5 times increase in prevalence of HCV in our study group, we recommend HCV infection screening in WIAs.

Keywords

HBV, HCV, Military

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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