Peginterferon alfa-2a and Ribavirin in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C and Inherited Bleeding Disorders

AUTHORS

Shahin Merat 1 , Amir Ali Sohrabpour 1 , Siamak Khaleghi 1 , Masoud Reza Sohrabi 1 , Katayon Samimi Rad 1 , Amir Reza Radmard 1 , Reza Malekzadeh 2 , *

1 Digestive Disease Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences & Study Group of Interferon in Iran (SG.IFN.IR), Tehran, IR.Iran

2 Digestive Disease Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences & Study Group of Interferon in Iran (SG.IFN.IR), [email protected], Tehran, IR.Iran

How to Cite: Merat S, Sohrabpour A, Khaleghi S, Sohrabi M, Rad K, et al. Peginterferon alfa-2a and Ribavirin in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C and Inherited Bleeding Disorders, Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 4(7):59-64.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 4 (7); 59-64
Article Type: Research Article

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Abstract

Background: Patients with inherited bleeding disorders who regularly receive clotting factors are frequently infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Liver biopsy in these patients is high-risk and not always performed. There is no report on pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin in patients with bleeding disorders in whom no histologic data is available.

Aim: To assess the safety and efficacy of combined PEG-IFN alfa-2a and ribavirin in patients with inherited bleeding disorders and hepatitis C.

Methods: We studied 37 patients with inherited bleeding disorders and HCV infection. Patients where planned to receive pegylated interferon alfa 2a (PEG-IFN alfa-2a) 180micg weekly and ribavirin 800mg daily for 48 weeks. They were then followed for 24 weeks after the end of treatment.

Results: Early virologic response at week 12 of treatment was achieved in 31/34 patients (91%) and end-of-treatment response was achieved in 30/31 patients (97%). Sustained virologic response was 26/32 (81%) and 26/35 (74%) on per-protocol and intention-to-treat analysis respectively. Dose reduction due to adverse effects was necessary in 11 patients.

Conclusion: The combination of PEG-IFN alpha 2a and ribavirin is safe and highly effective in patients with inherited bleeding disorders and HCV infection, even when histologic data is absent.

Keywords

Hepatitis C Virus, Hemophilia, Pegylated interferon alfa-2a, Ribavirin

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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