Should a booster dose be administered in children after mass immunization for hepatitis B?

AUTHORS

Selma Tosun 1 , * , Serol Deveci 2 , Yunus Kaplan 2 , Erhun Kasirga 2

1 Manisa State Hospital, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, [email protected], Turkey

2 Celal Bayar University, High School of Health, Turkey

How to Cite: Tosun S, Deveci S, Kaplan Y, Kasirga E. Should a booster dose be administered in children after mass immunization for hepatitis B?, Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 11(6):440-444.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 11 (6); 440-444
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 6, 2010
Accepted: February 2, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus infection is a global health problem and vaccine-preventable disease, but the duration of the effects of HBV vaccination in infants is unknown.
Objectives: The aim of this trial, which comprised children who had received 3 doses as part of the universal HBV immunization program and no additional doses, was to investigate anti-HBs titers and HBsAg status after 9 years.
Patients and Methods: We performed a descriptive, cross-sectional field research study. The study sample, based on sociodemographics and minimum seroprevalence, was analyzed based on 10.00% ± 1.50 (95% confidence interval) (1150 individuals); trial was realized in a total of 1279 children (623 females and 656 males). Anti-HBs titers were measured by micro-EIA (Dia Sorin-Italy); titers < 10 IU/mL were negative, 10-49 IU/mL were low-positive, and > 50 IU/mL were high-positive. For anti-HBs titers below protective levels, HBsAg was measured by micro-EIA.
Results: In approximately half of the children (48.5% in those living in semiurban areas and 42.3% in urban areas), antibody titers were below protective levels.
Conclusions: Mass HBV vaccination, which was implemented in Turkey in 1998, significantly decreases HBsAg positivity in childhood. Nevertheless, it might be necessary to administer a booster dose after 8-9 years in children, especially those in low socioeconomic areas or in whom irregular/insufficient immunization is suspected.


  • Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:
    Preventing from HBV infection in infants could not be performed without screening of immune status. Reading this interesting article is recommended to all infectious diseases specialists and immunologists.
  • Please cite this paper as:
    Tosun S, Deveci S, Kaplan Y, Kasirga E. Should a booster dose be administered in children after mass immunization for hepatitis B? Hepat Mon. 2011;11(6):440-4.

2011 Kowsar M.P.Co. All rights reserved.


Keywords

Hepatitis B vaccine Immunity Immunization Booster

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