Lack of Knowledge About Hepatitis C Infection Rates Among Patients With Inherited Coagulation Disorders in Countries Under the Eastern Mediterranean Region Office of WHO (EMRO): A Meta-Analysis

AUTHORS

Seyed Moayed Alavian 1 , Seyed Hossein Aalaei-Andabili 2 , *

1 Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Baqiyatallah Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Disease (BRCGL), IR Iran

2 Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Baqiyatallah Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Disease (BRCGL), [email protected], IR Iran

How to Cite: Alavian S, Aalaei-Andabili S. Lack of Knowledge About Hepatitis C Infection Rates Among Patients With Inherited Coagulation Disorders in Countries Under the Eastern Mediterranean Region Office of WHO (EMRO): A Meta-Analysis, Hepat Mon. Online ahead of Print ; 12(4):244-252. doi: 10.5812/hepatmon.844.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Hepatitis Monthly: 12 (4); 244-252
Article Type: Review Article
Received: December 14, 2011
Accepted: February 13, 2012
Crossmark

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Context: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a public health problem. HCV alone is responsible for 90% cases of acute hepatitis among multiply transfused patients who are at risk of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Objectives: To provide a clear picture of available data, we performed a systematic review of the epidemiological characteristics of HCV infection among patients with inherited coagulation disorders in the countries under the Eastern Mediterranean Region Office (EMRO).
Evidence Acquisition: Meta-analysis was carried out on the basis of results of electronic and manual search. This analysis included studies in English, French, and Persian that met with the following criteria: (1) appropriate study design: cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort; (2) studies reporting HCV prevalence according to enzyme immune assay; (3) studies in which the sample population was enrolled from EMRO countries. According to the results of the heterogeneity tests, we used fixed-effect/random-effect model for our meta-analysis, with the “Metan” command.
Results: We included 30 studies, most of which were from Iran. The mean age of the subjects ranged from 13 to 27.1 years. The majority of the patients were male (range, 81% to 100%). The pooled estimate of HCV infection among patients with inherited coagulation disorders was 48.07% (95% confidence interval [CI], range: 27.39–55.68) in Iran, 36.03% (95% CI, range: 4.466–67.598) in Pakistan, and 48.27% (95% CI, range: 36.12–60.43) in all the EMRO countries taken together.
Conclusions: In Iran and other EMRO countries, the HCV infection rate among patients with inherited coagulation disorders is high. Our study shows that there is a lack of knowledge about infections in such patients in most of the EMRO countries. It is the responsibility of health-policy makers to address this knowledge gap and provide safe and adequate treatment for patients in high-risk groups.


  • Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:
    This article is a collection of epidemiological studies on HCV in patients with inherited coagulation disorder in Iran and EMRO. Study of this article is highly recommended to hepatologists, gastroentestinalist, virologist, and epidemiologist.
  • Please cite this paper as:
    Alavian SM, Aalaei-Andabili SH. Lack of Knowledge About Hepatitis C Infection Rate Among Patients With Inherited Coagulation Disorders in Countries under the Eastern Mediterranean Region Office of Who (EMRO): A Meta-Analysis. Hepat Mon. 2012;12(4):244-52. DOI: 10.5812/hepatmon.844

Copyright © 2012 Kowsar Corp. All rights reserved.


Keywords

Meta-analysis Hemophilia Epidemiology Blood Coagulation Disorders Iran

© 0, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Full Text

Full text is available in PDF

COMMENTS

LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: